Black, brown, or white. They may be caused by the sun, acne, or genetics. The million-dollar question is: How do you remove blemishes on the face?
In this article, we will explain what causes spots on the face and how people can remove them using specialized dermatological treatments.
A little context to start with, a blemish is any type of mark on the skin. Most blemishes are harmless, but people may choose to treat them for cosmetic reasons.
There are many types of blemishes, from sun spots or acne spots to white, brown, and even black spots. The causes and solutions are specific depending on the dermatological diagnosis, skin type, and genetic characteristics of the sufferer.
Skin blemishes are usually not a cause for concern and, in most cases, do not need treatment. However, some people may decide to remove them for cosmetic reasons. Depending on the cause, some types of dark spots on the skin may be referred to as age spots or sun spots.
What are blemishes on the face?
We know that any form of skin imperfection is generally undesirable. Especially when it comes to unsightly spots on the face, they can be emotionally upsetting.
The term “blemish” refers to any mark on the skin. It can be a blackhead, a whitehead, a pustule, an age spot, or a post-acne mark.
Most blemishes are not dangerous, but some may indicate an underlying medical problem. Almost everyone will experience skin blemishes in their lifetime. They usually appear gradually over time with excessive sun exposure, which stimulates melanin production.
Hormonal changes, medication, and other factors can also influence melanocyte production and cause visible changes to the skin on the face or body.
What causes facial blemishes?
Facial blemishes are caused due to a number of factors that lead to clogged pores. The main reasons that cause facial skin blemishes are:
Hereditary reasons can lead to the appearance of blemishes. There are possible inherited disorders and conditions that lead to the formation of spots, such as Fabry disease, which involves a genetic mutation that leads to dark and red spots.
- Sun exposure:
Overexposure to the sun’s harmful UV rays is one of the reasons for common facial spots and hyperpigmentation.
- Excess oil production:
Pimples form as a result of excessive oil production by the skin’s sebaceous glands, leaving them clogged due to the accumulation of dirt and dead skin cells.
Most pimples occur due to hormonal changes during pregnancy, menopause, metabolic changes, and menstruation.
A hormone called androgen hyperactively increases oil production, providing a perfect breeding ground for bacteria, resulting in blemishes.
Some dairy products, such as skim milk, can cause acne or pimples in some people. Also, high sugar intake and a high carbohydrate diet can lead to acne papules and pustules.
- Certain medications:
Some medications, such as corticosteroids, can cause acne as a side effect and eventually lead to blemishes on the face.
Some food allergies can cause irritation or bumps that affect the skin.
- Improper skincare routine:
The face accumulates dirt, pollution, or dust throughout the day. Lack of a skincare routine suited to your skin type can lead to facial blemishes.
In addition, heavy makeup can end up clogging pores and causing more spots on your face.
Remember the importance of prevention before treatment. Knowing the possible causes will make it easier for you to avoid those pesky spots. However, here are some effective techniques for treating and removing spots on the face.
How to remove blemishes on the face?
Blemishes, whether on the face or any other part of the body, cannot be removed indiscriminately. Each spot is evaluated individually.
Depending on the case, treatment can range from depigmenting creams and low-complexity practices such as peelings, microdermabrasion, and intense pulsed light to the use of more sophisticated lasers.
However, these methods cannot be applied in isolation; the best results are achieved with the right combination of both.
Anti-spot treatments, in addition to adopting healthy habits, are some of the most effective ways to remove facial blemishes and improve skin health.
Dermatology clinics and aesthetic centers such as Cosmetica Plastic Surgery often offer treatments to remove blemishes, while diagnosing which approach is best suited to each case.
- Peeling and glycolic acid
Chemical peeling based on glycolic acid is a treatment used to remove layers of dead skin cells. The aim of this peeling treatment is to regenerate and improve the appearance of the skin, eliminating blemishes, clearing acne, and clarifying the skin.
It is especially recommended for oily skin. However, this approach is not recommended during the summer, as the treated area will be very sensitive, especially when higher acid concentrations are used.
- Laser treatment
Laser treatments act by renewing the deep and superficial layers of the skin to eliminate blemishes and reduce wrinkles. In the case of CO2 laser, this is a very effective technique to slow skin aging, as well as removing any skin marks or lesions.
Blemishes, wrinkles, changes in skin color, laxity, stretch marks, and premature aging, are some of the imperfections that can be treated through the CO2 Laser.
Through this technique, tissues are vaporized with great precision, activating fibroblasts and favoring the production of collagen. In this way, a more efficient healing process is facilitated, achieving the replacement of damaged skin with much healthier, fresher, and more radiant skin.
- Creams for facial blemishes
Creams represent one of the most common treatments to combat facial blemishes. According to dermatological studies, some of the most effective cosmetic formulas for removing blemishes are those containing hydroquinone, retinoic acid, retinol, kojic acid, azelaic acid, and vitamin C.
Of course, using sunscreen will always be one of the best ways to prevent the appearance of skin blemishes.
Now, you know that fortunately, there are treatments specially developed to help you treat and eliminate blemishes on the face. These techniques, accompanied by a certified professional can be your best ally.